PUBLICATION : OCTOBER 2016

1 WORKING STATUS OF RURAL WOMEN: A STUDY OF TUFANGANJ BLOCK-I, COOCHBEHAR DISTRICT, WEST BENGAL

PINKU DAS
ASSISTANT TEACHER, GITALDAHA HIGH SCHOOL (H.S.), DINHATA
COOCH BEHAR

ABSTRACT
Rural economy of India is characterised by a massive presence of merely paid women workers. Rural women workforce plays a significant role in the economy who participated in large number of economic activity in agriculture and allied sector. Equitable access to more and better jobs in rural areas enable rural women to become effective economic actors and engines of growth. In India female participation in labour market has increased due to increasing rate of employment opportunities. The entry of women in labour market has fundamentally changed the status of women in the family as well as in the society. Today, indigenous women are increasingly entering the formal and informal labour market, as self-employed workers or wage earners. However women are facing new challenges regarding their social status which varies from rural to urban areas and various families in one area. Gender inequality, limited access to credit, health care and education has posed a number of challenges for rural women in all states of India. They also face many domestic and social problems. For the work, primary data was obtaining through field survey. Again, secondary data were collected from various sources and analyzed with suitable statistical and cartographic techniques. Present research study has tried to explore the status of rural working women of Tufanganj Block-I and their distribution in different sector. Most of the women workers of the study area belong to poor economic condition which is the main reason of their work. In conclusion part proper suggestions are incorporated to arrest the problem.

 

04-23 SHOW
2 ACCELERATED GEOMORPHIC HAZARD AND ITS IMPACT ON RECENT COASTAL ENVIRONMENT: A CASE STUDY AT JALDAH TO MANDARMONI OF PURBA MEDINIPUR (WEST BENGAL)

JITENDRA SHUKLA 1 SUBHANKAR PATRA 2 MD.AZFAR MONDAL 3
1-ASSO. PROF AND 2,3 RESEARCH SCHOLAR, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, RANCHI UNIVERSITY, RANCHI, JHARKHAND

ABSTRACT
The Coast is a most important dynamic zone of the West Bengal. This paper assesses the impact of Accelerated geomorphic hazard on recent coastal environment. The coastal erosion is most important for the changing coastal environment along the jaldah to Mandarmoni coastal tract, which is part of West Bengal coast. Through the erosional mark and shifting of shoreline and also related data have been detected that the coastal accelerated geomorphic hazard, coastal erosion has remarkable along this area over the last decade. As a result of that the shore line has been shifted landward and the entire environment has changed. It has been observed that the coastal erosion and shifting of shoreline of this area also shifted landward at a rate of 4m to 12m/year. At many places the coastal dunes, coastal vegetation and also ecosystem are totally destroyed by accelerate wave erosion. The agricultural land and fish farms are also affected by these accelerated hazards.

 

24-36 SHOW
3 ANALYSIS OF MICRO LEVEL DISPARITIES IN HEALTHCARE INFRASTRUCTURE IN ALLAHABAD DISTRICT, UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA

AMIT KUMAR SINGH 1 PROF. V.K.KUMRA 2
1 SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOW, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY, VARANASI
2 DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY, VARANASI

ABSTRACT
For over past sixty years health has been among the few issues in India. Health is the basic and primary need of people and good health. It is also a major resource for social, economic and personal development. It prepares a background for any nation to progress in socio-economic, scientific, educational and other spheres. Therefore, it should not be viewed in isolation from other goals of development. The progress of any country or society greatly depends on the quality of life of its people. The present study is an attempt to analyse the block level disparity in health attainment in Allahabad district at two times period 2004-05 and 2014-15. To analyse the regional disparities in twenty blocks of the district, nine variables have been selected and have been measured by using the Development Index. In the analysis, it has been observed that some blocks are found to be stagnant; others are either moving forward or going backward in the district during 2004-05 and 2014-15. The overall condition is worst in 2014-15 in comparison to previous years.

 

37-50 SHOW
4 URBANIZATION AND SOME PROBLEMS RELATED WITH URBANIZATION –SPECIAL FOCUS ON INDIAN SCENARIOS

MS.ARCHANA BARMAN
RESEARCHER
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS
NORTH BENGAL UNIVERSITY
WEST BENGAL
INDIA

ABSTRACT
An urban area is defined as an area with a population of more than 5000, a density of more than 400 persons per square kilometer, and with 75 per cent of its male workers engaged in non-agricultural profession. State governments have flexibility in defining urban areas for administrative purposes. Among all the States and Union territories, the National Capital Territory of Delhi is the most urbanized with 93 percent urban population followed by Union territory of Chandigarh (89.8 percent) and Pondicherry (66.6 percent).Among the major States, Tamil Nadu is the most urbanized state with 43.9 percent of the population living in urban areas followed by Maharashtra (42.4 percent) and Gujarat (37.4 percent). The proportion of urban population is the lowest in Himachal Pradesh with 9.8% followed by Bihar with 10.5 percent, Assam (12.7 percent) and Orissa (14.9 percent).In terms of absolute number of persons living in urban areas, Maharashtra leads with 41 million persons which are 14 percent of the total population of the country. Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 35 million followed by Tamil Nadu 27 million.

 

51-60 SHOW
5 CAUSE AND CONSEQUENCE OF FLOOD DISASTER IN INDIA

MR.SUDIPTA RAHA
RESEARCHER
GEOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT
HIMACHAL PRADESH UNIVERSITY
SHIMLA
HIMACHAL PRADESH
INDIA

ABSTRACT
Flood simply means inundation of extensive land area with water for several days in continuation. Generally, floods are considered to be associated with rivers and people conceive floods as the outcome of accumulation of huge volume of water coming out of the rivers through overtopping of river banks during peak discharge period. In fact, flood is an attribute of physical environment and thus is a component of hydrogical cycle of a drainage basin. It may be pointed out that flood is natural phenomenon and is a response to rainfall but it becomes hazard and disaster when it causes colossal loss to human live and property. It is also important to note that floods are also aggravated by human activities and thus flood hazard is both natural as well as man-induced rather man-accentuated phenomenon. Floods are very often associated with alluvial rivers draining extensive alluvial and flood plains. About 3.5 per cent of the total geographical area of the world is covered by flood plains which house about 16.5 per cent of the total population of the world. The most notorious rivers of the world in terms of devastating floods 2nd resultant damage to natural environment (riparian decay) and loss of human lives and property are the Ganga and its major tributaries.

 

61-71 SHOW
6 POLLUTION AND POPULATION GROWTH AS RESULT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

DR.KALKANA KONAR
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY
CHRISTIAN COLLEGE
KERALA

ABSTRACT
The environmental is a comprehensive term which in general refers to the surroundings but in geographical perspective environment include biotic or physical (land, air water) and biotic (plants and animals including man and his several functions, organization and institutions) components of the life supporting layer-the biosphere. The dynamic evolving earth system in general and the biosphere system or natural environmental systems in particular are governed by discernible processes, both physical and biological. Various physical, chemical and biological processes are continuously engaged in the creation, and destruction of surface materials of the earth’s surface (both organic and inorganic). These earth materials e.g. minerals, rocks, soils, water etc. are not only created but are also maintained, changed in their properties, transferred from one place to another and even destroyed by geologic cycle but these materials even while passing through the aforesaid pathways remain initially uncontaminated and are very useful for man but whenever these materials are used or dispersed by man , they become contaminated and are seldom available for human use because either they are dispersed to such locations which may not be reached by man for fairly long period of time or they become by man for fairly long period of time or they become so contaminated that they are not reusable.

 

72-82 SHOW
7 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN THE LIGHT OF RIO DECLARATION IN THE HILL STATION DARJEELING, WEST BENGAL

MR. SANKAR DAS
RESEARCHER
DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY & APPLIED GEOGRAPHY
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH BENGAL
WEST BENGAL
INDIA

ABSTRACT
At the present scenario, Darjeeling is one of the most polluted hill station in India. There are all sorts of pollution responsible for overall environmental degradation experiences by this urban centre. The physical environment, while similar in many respects, has some unique characteristics as it constitutes high and sloping lands, low laying valleys, forests and vegetations of various types as well as river beds and meadows. These unique features of mountain environments tend to be quite sensitive to disturbance and disruption by external factors. Therefore, environmental degradation is an adverse alteration of natural system’s integrity, diversity and productivity. In an ordinary sense, an environmental degradation is a process of degeneration of elements and factors pertaining to the conditions and circumstances of life on the planet earth. Though some British East India Company officials stayed in the village of Darjeeling in 1828 and considered the place suitable for a sanatorium for Br1itish soldiers, the remote hilly village might not have turned into a hill city of international repute had the Sikkim Chogyal not imprisoned the British East India Company Director Arthur Campbell and explorer botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker in 1849. This ensured a rescue operation by the British and a renewed interest for this ‘home-like’ territory and by 1866 it came to exist in its present shape and form as a hill station. The overall physical environment in Darjeeling is highly in bad shape. The population explosion particularly in developing country like India as well as unplanned urban expansion and unscientific life style pose the hill people with a great threat.

 

83-96 SHOW
8 IMPACT OF EMBANKMENT BREACHING ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD:A CASE OF GHORAMARA ISLAND OF THE SUNDARBANS DELTA IN SOUTH 24 PARGANAS DISTRICT, WEST BENGAL

HIRAK SARKAR*, ARINDAM ROY** AND GIYASUDDIN SIDDIQUE***
*RESEARCH SCHOLAR, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN ** JUNIOR RESEARCH FELLOW, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN, *** PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRPHY, THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN,

ABSTRACT
Breaching of embankments is a common problem most evident in the banks of tidal rivers in the southern parts of West Bengal. The Sundarban Delta area in South 24 Parganas has been characterized with frequent hydro-meteorological hazards like cyclone and storm surges effective upon the breaching of embankments. The embankments protect the natural as well as cultural ecosystems as guard wall against waves and surges. Frequent breaching of such guard walls affects severely the livelihood of the rural people and cause the loss of life and property and damages naturally rich, eco-sensitive estuarine ecosystem of the riverine delta. An attempt has been made in this study to assess the causes and consequences of such breaching and its effect on rural livelihood, and analysis of vulnerability and management of embankment breaching.

 

97-117 SHOW